Naval Power and Force Projection

Summer 2017

Military magazines in the United States and Canada, covering Armor and Mobility, focuses on tactical vehicles, C4ISR, Special Operations Forces, latest soldier equipment, shelters, and key DoD programs

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when land bases don't exist. The other T-ESD is the USNS John Glenn (T-ESD 2). When the T-ESD is on mission, the ship will sub- merge to about 40 feet while underway to the area of operations. Once on station it would submerge to about 50 feet, so that the LCAC can drive right up on the mission deck to pick up cargo. This allows it to operate like a floating pier and will serve as a transfer point for Marine Corps amphibious landing forces. The T-ESD's flexibility is critical for humanitarian response to natural disasters and for support to warfighters ashore. The size allows for 25,000 square feet of vehicle and equipment stowage space and 380,000 gallons of JP-5 fuel storage. NP&FP: In terms of energy distribution challenges, in what manner has MSC helped improve off-shore petroleum distribution ship to shore for pre-positioned stock availability in case of contingencies? Lt. Cmdr. J. Brandon Worl, Chief Staff Officer, Maritime Prepositioning Ships Squadron THREE (MPSRON 3): USNS Vadm K. R. Wheeler (T-AG 5001) is a unique ship which provides one of a kind capability to the US Navy. Wheeler allows the US Navy to pump bulk water/petroleum to an undeveloped beach from up to 8 statute miles offshore. Wheeler and her work boats are self-contained and do not require any outside support other than a tanker (source) to take suction from - the 8 miles of pipe are stored onboard Wheeler. Since there is always the possibility she may have to support an HADR mission and pump water ashore, she has never pushed fuel through her pipe. Up to now, she has only pumped water. NP&FP: Please speak to the recent U.S. Forces Korea (USFK) exercise, from the evolution/requirement for the exercise (including timeframe, location, phases, etc), to the specific segments of the exercise and any lessons learned from those segments going forward. LCDR Eric Oviatt, ESG-3, N5 DACOS: The purpose of this exercise is the integration of Logistics Over-the-Shore (LOTS) capabilities under joint command and control, conduct Area Distribution Center (ADC) operations, conduct Air Terminal Supply Point (ATSP) operations, conduct rail operations, conduct inland waterways operations, demonstrate the ability to establish a distribution hub in vicinity of Pohang, validate operational concepts, and synchronize the download of cargo in order to stress Combined Forces Command (CFC) multi- domain, multi-nodal capability to refine future planning. Combined Forces Command and Republic of Korea forces con- ducted exercise Operation Pacific Reach (OPRex17) from April 10 through April 21, 2017, at the Pohang Dogu Beach. Approximately 2,500 U.S. personnel (of which 1,500 were rotational personnel form outside the ROK) participated in the exercise and approximately 1,2000 ROK forces participated. OPRex is a regularly scheduled exercise that takes place every other year. It is the culmination of many months of planning and is based on realistic tactical requirements and missions expected of our ROK-U.S. combined and joint forces. While not directed toward a real-world situation or crisis, each training event has a unique tactical scenario aimed at improving readiness. NP&FP: From a global logistics perspective, what are some key challenges to improved logistics in underway ship re-fueling and cargo transfer that MSC is addressing through enhanced interoperability of its combat logistics ship fleet? Leonard F. Bell, Fleet Ordnance and Dry Cargo Project Officer, MSC: The key challenge to improve logistics in underway ship re-fueling and cargo transfer is impending obsolescence of Navy Standard UNREP systems. Current systems rely on older electro- hydraulic technology involving equipment that is no longer manufactured or supported. Additionally, technicians familiar with those systems are retiring and leaving the workforce. The Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA) in coordination with MSC is addressing those challenges by implementing a new generation of UNREP equipment called E-STREAM (Electronic Standard Tension REplenishment Alongside Method), which replaces control systems with computerized controls and modern electrical components that will improve long term supportability as well as result in improved performance. E-STREAM is being incorporated into the T-AO 205 Class Fleet Oilers. MSC is also planning for modernization of existing UNREP stations on T-AKE and T-AOE class ships using E-STREAM components. A prototype E-STREAM station was installed aboard USNS Arctic (T-AOE 8) in 2012 and has performed extremely well. Another E-STREAM station will be installed aboard USNS Cesar Chavez (T-AKE 14) later this summer and will serve as the test-bed for the E-STREAM installations planned for the T-AO 205 Class. MARITIME LOGISTICS MILITARY SEALIFT COMMAND NP&FP and DoD P&E | Summer 2017 | 7

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